Honoring History

If you're planning ahead this month, you can check the December program page to see the whole month or revisit last week's post, which covers events through Dec. 13.

Two 14-inch guns from USS Pennsylvania on grounds of PA Military Museum
Two of USS Pennsylvania's 14-inch guns were moved from Dahlgren, Virginia, to the grounds of the PA Military Museum in 2009 (photo PA Military Museum)
77 years ago, the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Hawaii was attacked by aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy. As has become the custom, the Pennsylvania Military Museum will hold a Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day Tribute starting at 12:45 pm today. The event will begin outdoors at the display of the USS Pennsy guns, which were on the ship at Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. Indoors, attendees may view a screening of the film "World War II: Crusade in the Pacific" and enjoy light refreshments.

An iconic piece of American travel and commuter history is slated for a big change in the coming year. The Solari board at Philadelphia's 30th Street Station (see YouTube video) is being retired in favor of new technology. The flipping numbers and letters have become outdated, although judging by the reactions in this article on BillyPenn.com, they are still treasured by people who pass through the station. The good news is that the board is destined for the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, where it will become part of the new exhibits in Rolling Stock Hall. As mentioned in the article, museum staff are working on the best ways to display the board and preserve or recreate its signature sound experience. We'll keep you apprised.

Interns stand on Shay Locomotive at PA Lumber Museum
Keystone Interns Derrick Atkins and Andrew Moyer with the PA Lumber Museum's Shay locomotive, summer 2018 (photo Lumber Museum)
College students (undergrad or grad) interested in exploring careers in public history should consider applying for the 2019 Keystone Internship program. Depending on applicant interest and staff capacity, internships are available in many areas of PHMC, including historic preservation, archives, collections management, and historic site/museum operations and programs. Internships run from May to August and are unpaid; most students work with their college or university to receive academic credit. Schedules are somewhat flexible and subject to negotiation between interns and their mentors. The application process involves an information form where students indicate their interests, an essay, a transcript from their home institution (unofficial is fine), and a letter of recommendation. The deadline for applications is Friday, February 8, 2019. Check out the PHMC website for details.


Preserving Pennsylvania's history and sharing it with the public doesn't just happen, as regular readers of Trailheads are well aware. It takes people and it takes money. If you have a favorite Trails of History site and are not already a member, consider giving yourself a gift this year while supporting that site's activities. Membership is a great way to support sites, as is volunteering. And membership benefits can really pay off if you're a frequent visitor and like to shop in the museum store. Just sayin'.

If you don't have a favorite site, you can support the PHMC's sites and other activities through a membership in the Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation (PHF). Through December 31, if you renew, rejoin, or join PHF, you can gift a free membership of equal or lesser value to a friend, family member, or co-worker. Memberships included in this offer are Heritage, Individual, and Family (visit PHF website for details or to purchase online). All categories of membership include free regular admission to sites on the Pennsylvania Trails of History. (Please note, the gift membership must be for individuals or families who have never held a membership with PHF or The State Museum previously.) You can also donate to PHF online if that's more your style. We thank you for your support.

Trails of History Events Dec. 1-13

UPDATE 12/5/2018: Some Trails of History sites are closing early today, Dec. 5, as Gov. Wolf has authorized an early dismissal in honor of the National Day of Mourning for Pres. George H.W. Bush. Please check ahead before visiting. All sites will be back on their regular Thursday schedules tomorrow.

We're rounding the corner into December already. I hope everyone had a pleasant and safe Thanksgiving weekend. If you want to plan ahead beyond Dec. 13, the full December program page is available. In addition to special events, please note that winter seasonal schedules continue to be phased in this month, so be sure to check ahead before visiting.


Santa Claus with Shay locomotive at PA Lumber Museum
Santa will visit the PA Lumber Museum on Dec. 8; see below for more info (via Facebook)
Anthracite Heritage Museum
Dec. 1: Exhibit opening—"Anthracite Photographers: Photographers of Anthracite" explores over 140 years of photography in Pennsylvania's hard coal region (read more on Facebook page). An opening reception, sponsored by Misericordia University, will take place at 2 pm (museum admission will be free on 12/1 from 1 pm onward). Museum open 9 am-5 pm.

Bushy Run Battlefield
Dec. 8: Colonial Christmas Party—kids age 4-12 are invited to learn about and make homemade decorations, learn a colonial-era dance, and enjoy a snack. Cost is $5 per child. Advance registration is required: contact Marlene at 724/744-4193 or secretary@bushyrunbattlefield.com. 2-4 pm.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
Dec. 2: Christmas Open House—enjoy one last chance to visit the homestead in 2018 (site will be open by appointment only until Charter Day in March). The Visitor Center Bookstore will be open and books will be marked down 10% (more details on the Facebook event page). Guided tours will be available. Admission is free; donations gratefully accepted. Noon-4 pm.

Cornwall Iron Furnace
Dec. 1: Christmas at Cornwall House Tour—this annual tour lets you explore private homes in the Cornwall/Lebanon/Mount Gretna area (info on this year's homes) while supporting the Friends of Cornwall Iron Furnace. Tickets are $15 in advance at several locations in the community and at the Furnace. Tickets are $20 on the day of the tour and are available only at the Iron Furnace. Your ticket includes a guided tour of the Furnace, which you may redeem during regular operating hours up through Dec. 29, 2017. Light refreshments will be offered throughout the day at the Furnace. 10 am-4 pm.

Daniel Boone Homestead
Dec. 7-8: Christkindlmarket—crafts, wine, candlelight, and shopping (details on the Boone home page). Admission is $7 for ages 12 and up (members pay less). Check website for info on combo ticket ($10) with the "Christmas at Johanna Furnace" event. Tickets available by calling 610/582-4900. DBH event is 4-9 pm both days.

Eckley Miners' Village
Dec. 1-2: Christmas at Eckley—from carolers to cocoa, crafts to St. Nick, you are sure to find something delightful in this old-fashioned Christmas celebration (details on Facebook event page). Admission is $7 per person; bring an unexpired, non-perishable food item and receive $1 off your ticket.

Ephrata Cloister
As of Dec. 1, tickets are on sale for this year's Lantern Tours, scheduled for Dec. 26-29 (more info on website).
Dec. 10-11: Christmas at the Cloister—this popular annual program combines seasonal readings and traditional music performed by the Ephrata Cloister Chorus in the 1741 Meetinghouse (Saal). Performance times are 6:30 and 8 pm each evening. UPDATE 12/3: the 6:30 performance on 12/10 is sold out, but tickets remain for other performances. Tickets are $6 per person and seating is limited. Purchase tickets from the Museum Store by calling 717/733-2592 or order by mail (see website for instructions) You may also want to keep an eye on the Facebook event page for updates on ticket availability and to see a video.

Erie Maritime Museum and Flagship Niagara
Dec. 8: The Christmas Tree ShipNiagara will be lit up for Christmas, and there will be lots of family activities, a visit with Santa and a live reindeer (due to arrive at 5:45 pm), and the story of The Christmas Tree Ship (more program details on the website). Admission is free. The museum is a Toys for Tots collection site. For $50, you can sponsor a Christmas tree and decorations for a local family (sponsorships are payable online). 5:30-8:30 pm.

Fort Pitt Museum
Please visit the Fort Pitt Museum website for information on programs and schedules.

Graeme Park
Dec. 6: Gingerbread House Workshop—you'll work with a kit and receive instructions and then you'll be free to let your creativity loose (more info on website). Light refreshments will be served. Cost is $15 per person. Space is limited. Prepaid reservations required; contact Beth at beth.maccausland@gmail.com or 215-915-9453. 7-9 pm.

Hope Lodge
Dec. 1: Holidays at Hope Lodge—tour the mansion at your leisure to enjoy the festive decorations and enjoy light refreshments (details on the website). Admission charged, but at a reduced rate for this event. Visitors age 21 and older (with ID) will, for an additional fee, be able to taste seasonal ales from Round Guys Brewing Company in the summer kitchen. 11 am-5 pm.
Dec. 8: Christmas Tours—guided tours of the mansion will be offered at 10 and 11:30 am, 1 and 2:30 pm. Refreshments will be served in the summer kitchen, and the Museum Shop will be open for holiday shopping. Regular admission charged. Site open 10 am-4 pm.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Dec. 1-2: Country Christmas Village—this year's event has a new twist, exploring Christmas as seen in books and stories by Laura Ingalls Wilder, Louisa May Alcott, O.Henry, and others (more info on the website). What influence did Pennsylvania German traditions have on these classics? Children can learn about the history of Santa Claus and (with parental permission) post a letter to Santa at the Landis Valley Post Office ($1 postage) and receive a reply from the North Pole. Musical entertainment will be provided in the Yellow Barn (different performers each day). The Museum Store will be hosting their annual Artisan Showcase with loads of handcrafted goodies. There is no charge to visit the Museum Store. For everything else, admission is: Age 12-64, $12; age 65+, $10; age 3-11, $8; LVA members and age 2 and under, free. Online ticket purchase available via Brown Paper Tickets. Saturday, 10 am-4 pm; Sunday, noon-4 pm.
Dec. 4 and 8: Days of the Belsnickel—enjoy dinner (12/4) or lunch (12/8) along with holiday shopping, storytellers, dancing, and a visit with the Belsnickel (a PA German tradition). Reservations are required and can be made online, via email, or by phone (lunch details, dinner details).

Old Economy Village
Dec. 1-2: Christmas at the Village—enjoy entertainment by local musicians and shop for a wide array of gifts and food items. Children will find activities just for them and can even visit with mean old Belsnickel (details). Admission charged; please purchase tickets at the Visitor Center, as no tickets will be sold at the Village gate. Saturday, 2-9 pm; Sunday, 2-7 pm. (Note: Ambridge's Christmas in the Historic District will also take place Dec. 1-2 from 10 am to 7 pm, so you may want to do both.)
Dec. 6: Christmas Homeschool Tour—this Christmas-themed program is geared for students in preschool through third grade. Activities (details on the website) include crafts, decorations, and a visit with Belsnickel. Cost is $5 per person. Space is limited, and reservations are required by Dec. 4. Please email David Miller to make reservations. 1-2:30 pm.
Dec. 8: Meet Belsnickel—he's grumpy but you know you want to meet him. Belsnickel (a PA German tradition) will be on hand and receiving visitors. You'll also be able to decorate cookies and enjoy some cold mulled cider. Cost is $5 per person. Reserve your spot by calling 724/266-4500 x113. 11 am-2 pm.
Dec. 8: Deadline to register—two of OEV's regular blacksmithing demonstrators will teach an intermediate blacksmithing class on Dec. 15. Class is free but space is limited and you must register by Dec. 8. Contact David Miller at davmiller@pa.gov. 10 am-1 pm.
Dec. 13: Christmas Dinner—join with other supporters of Old Economy for a festive evening of dining and music in the Feast Hall (details). Reservations are required. Doors open at 6 pm.

Pennsbury Manor
Dec. 6-7: Holly Nights—a special opportunity to see Pennsbury illuminated by candlelight, bonfires, and hearth fires. Enjoy caroling, hot cider, and throwing a green sprig on the Yule log for luck (details on the website). Admission charged (purchase tickets online thru Ticketleap). 6-9 pm both nights.

Pennsylvania Lumber Museum
Dec. 8: Santa in the Shay—St. Nick will forgo his sleigh in favor of a geared locomotive as he listens to children's requests. Take an instant photo and turn it into an ornament, browse unique gifts from local artisans and the museum store, and enjoy hot cocoa (Facebook event page has details). Admission is $5 for adults, $3 for kids. Noon-4pm.

Pennsylvania Military Museum
Throughout the month of December—a Selective Service Registration Card for Mr. S. Claus will be on temporary exhibit during regular operating hours. Wed.-Sat., 10 am-4 pm; Sun., noon-4 pm.
Dec. 7: Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day Tribute—77 years ago on December 7th, the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Hawaii was attacked by aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy. America was at war. The tribute is held beneath the guns of the battleship USS Pennsylvania, which was a witness to that attack. Light refreshments will be served in the museum auditorium following the tribute ceremony. 12:45 p.m.

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Dec. 1 and 8: Home for the Holidays—costumed engineers, conductors, ticket agents, and passengers representing the past century bring historic rail travel to life. Kids can visit with Santa or work with a telegrapher to send a Christmas telegram to the North Pole. Holiday music, refreshments (while supplies last), and shopping are part of the day too (lots more details). Included in regular admission (extra charge for Christmas with the Conductor parties, call the museum at 717/687-8628 to check availability). 9 am-5 pm.

State Museum of Pennsylvania
Please visit the planetarium webpage for info on shows and schedules.
Dec. 7: StoryTime—visit the museum's Transportation Gallery and read Little Plane Learns to Write by author/illustrator Stephen Savage. You'll also make a small plane of your own to take home. Included in general admission and intended for children age 3-5 with an adult. 10-11 am.
Dec. 13: Nature Lab—in today's program, "Pre-Historic Deer (Cervids)," learn about the ancestors of today's white-tail deer and Santa's reindeer with curator of paleontology, Dr. Steven Janiski. Included in general admission. 11:30 am-12:30 pm.

Washington Crossing Historic Park
Please visit the WCHP events page for details on the annual crossing reenactments and other events.

Thoughts on Giving Thanks

All PA Trails of History sites are closed tomorrow (11/22) for Thanksgiving). For information on site schedules for Friday (11/23) and events going on this weekend through Nov. 29, please check out last week's post.

Through December 31, the Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation (PHF) and The State Museum of Pennsylvania are excited to offer a "Buy One Get One Free" membership offer. Renew, rejoin, or join, and you can gift a free membership of equal or lesser value to a friend, family member, or co-worker. Memberships included in this offer are Heritage, Individual, and Family (visit PHF website for details or to purchase online). All categories of membership include free regular admission to sites on the Pennsylvania Trails of History. (Please note, the gift membership must be for individuals or families who have never held a membership with PHF or The State Museum previously.)


Table set with 18th century foods at Conrad Weiser Homestead
This table setting from Conrad Weiser Homestead's Candlelight Tours last weekend makes me think of Thanksgiving (photo via Facebook)
Coming to you a little early this week to get ahead of the holiday. On behalf of all of us here at Trailheads HQ, I'd like to wish all of you the Thanksgiving that makes you most happy. The traditions you love, the people who make you feel special, a victory for your football team (if you celebrate that way), a winning hand at gin rummy (ditto), a nice glass of Beaujolais Nouveau (ditto ditto). Those of us lucky to have enough (or more than enough) have much to be thankful for, but we should also remember not to take it for granted. If you have the chance to help others this holiday, please take it.


American Revolution reenactors in formation with flag at Hope Lodge
Hope Lodge's Whitemarsh Encampment event earlier this month brought American Revolution reenactors to the site (via Facebook)

Following up on our Veterans Day post, I had a little time to think about some other military-related Trails of History info recently and thought I'd share some of it this week. These items illustrate the span of military history that gets covered on the Trails and the relevance of our sites to the present.

Reaching back to the 18th century, Hope Lodge's annual Whitemarsh Encampment presents the stories of Revolutionary War soldiers and civilians, especially related to the Continental Army's stay in the area during November and early December of 1777. I've shared a photo above, and you can find more on the Hope Lodge Facebook page.

As part of the centennial celebration of the end of World War I, Conrad Weiser Homestead held an Armistice Day event on Sunday, November 11. Speakers included Doug Miller, site administrator at Pennsbury Manor, and state Sen. David Argall (R - Schuylkill and Berks). Military reenactors were on hand as well. (In May of 2017, we showed you some before and after photos of a project to clean a World War I doughboy statue on the grounds at Conrad Weiser Homestead, dating from the 1920s.) The event also honored all local veterans (read more in this Reading Eagle article); keep an eye out for Weiser's annual concert honoring veterans, generally held around July 4.

We've shared info before about military reenlistment and promotion ceremonies at Trails of History sites. Back in October, the Erie Maritime Museum and U.S. Brig Niagara hosted members of the United States Marine Corps. Gunnery Sgt. Charles Bays reenlisted in USMC and then he and his wife, Kate, left for his new assignment in South Carolina; Bays was promoted to Gunnery Sgt. onboard Niagara in October 2017. Bryan Johnson and Devin Dominech were promoted to the rank of Staff Sergeant. (My thanks to Linda Bolla of the museum for the info and photo below.) In other Erie news, the Flagship Niagara League recently announced the promotion of Christopher Cusson to Captain of the U.S. Brig Niagara. Cusson is, among other things, a United States Coast Guard veteran (read more info here).

Marine Staff Sergeant Johnson receives collar insignia from grandfathers
SSgt. Bryan Johnson (left) receives his new collar insignia from his grandfathers. (I'm not crying, you're crying.) (photo L. Bolla)
Prospective applicants for the U.S. military service academies are interviewed by a congressional panel to determine if they will receive a letter of referral from their U.S. Senator or U.S. Representative, a requirement for admission. Last weekend, the Pennsylvania Military Museum hosted 16 candidates and their families. Yesterday, the museum received a lovely note from a woman who was there with her son, who hopes to attend the United States Naval Academy. She complimented the museum on its well-kept and well-organized facilities and was impressed with the exhibits and displays, comparing them favorably to those at the Marine Corps Museum in Quantico, Virginia. "It is obvious a lot of time and effort has been spent to make this small museum a true gem!" Kudos to the staff and volunteers at the museum for their work and thanks to Tyler Gum, site administrator, for sharing the info.

On a related but somewhat more somber note, the PA Military Museum has been working with the Jana Marie Foundation, which is devoted to bringing attention to and addressing mental health issues in the Centre County region where the museum is located. The Foundation's STOMPERS Project was developed to embody their goal of stomping out the stigma that often surrounds talking about mental health. STOMPERS are made from shoes and boots on a life-size frame and have different themes depending on their host organization. As a participant in the initiative, the museum is now home to a STOMPER titled "SERVE," which is focused on issues of depression, suicide, and well-being among military veterans and their families. The goal is to help foster conversations between civilian and military communities, between veterans, and among families. This is another way the museum is honoring the military service of Pennsylvanians and recognizing the sacrifices of military families.

STOMPER figure at PA Military Museum
"SERVE," part of STOMPER Project, at PA Military Museum (photo AKF)

On the PA Trails of History, Nov. 16-29

All Trails of History sites will be closed on Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 22; sites open on the day after Thanksgiving (Nov. 23) are noted below. The info is accurate to the best of my knowledge. You may want to check with the site you plan to visit to be sure of their schedule (seasonal schedule changes may be in effect as well).

Please remember the museum stores at historic sites and museums on Small Business Saturday (11/24) and Museum Store Sunday (11/25). Heck, some of them sell online, so you can visit them on Cyber Monday (11/26), too. And don't even get me started on Giving Tuesday (11/27)!

If you're interested in submitting a nomination for a state historical marker, December 1 is the next deadline. Find details here.

Through December 31, the Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation (PHF) and The State Museum of Pennsylvania are excited to offer a "Buy One Get One Free" membership offer. Renew, rejoin, or join, and you can gift a free membership of equal or lesser value to a friend, family member, or co-worker. Memberships included in this offer are Heritage, Individual, and Family (visit PHF website for details or to purchase online). All categories of membership include free regular admission to sites on the Pennsylvania Trails of History. (Please note, the gift membership must be for individuals or families who have never held a membership with PHF or The State Museum previously.)


Ephrata Cloister buildings lit by candlelight and lanterns
See Ephrata Cloister by candlelight on Nov. 24, details below (photo from 2017 via Facebook)
Brandywine Battlefield Park
Nov. 24: Patriot’s Day—living history demonstrations, musket drills, blacksmith, house tours, and 18th-century medical "experts"--lots of activities for all ages. 10 am-4 pm.

Bushy Run Battlefield
Nov. 17: Harvest Ball—kids ages 4 to 12 are invited to dance the minuet (we'll teach you), decorate masks and hats to wear, play colonial games, and join in a storytelling session. A light snack will be served. Come in costume if you like, but you don't have to. Cost is $5 per child. Space is limited, and reservations are a must: contact Marlene Sawayda at secretary@bushyrunbattlefield.com to register. 2-4 pm.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
Nov. 17: Candlelight Tours—this annual program features living history, 18th-century music, and a chance to see the site by night. 5:30-8 pm.

Daniel Boone Homestead
Nov. 18: Lecture—Les Stark will present "Hemp in the 18th Century." Suggested donation of $2 per person for talk. 2 pm.
Nov. 23: Day After Thanksgiving—site open 10 am-4 pm.

Drake Well Museum and Park
Nov. 24: Something More Saturday—members of the Venango County ARES/RACES ham radio club will be on hand to help visitors speak with Santa at the North Pole. There will also be holiday craft projects and other family-friendly activities (details on Facebook). Included in regular admission (special group admission: buy 2 full-price adult tickets and get 3 youth tickets free). Site open 9 am-5 pm; special programming, 10 am-3 pm.

Ephrata Cloister
Nov. 16: Extraordinary Give—Ephrata Cloister will once again participate in the Lancaster County Community Foundation's one-day, online giving campaign. Visit their page anytime between 12:00 am and 11:59 pm to donate.
Nov. 24: Candlelight Open House—spend a lovely evening exploring the Ephrata Cloister, with music, craftspeople, and more (info on website). Cost is $6 per person. 5-8:30 pm.

Fort Pitt Museum
Please visit the Fort Pitt Museum website for information on schedules and programs.

Graeme Park
Nov. 18: Colonial Beer Brewing—visit the summer kitchen, where the brewer will be making a batch of house beer and talking about 18th-century beers and brewing (more info). Beer demo is free; admission charged for tours of the Keith House. 11 am-2 pm.
Nov. 24: Christmas in the Colonies—candlelight tours of the Keith House, where the Tapestry Dancers and costumed interpreters will illustrate Christmas and other winter holidays as the Graemes might have known them. Refreshments will be served. Tours will start approximately every 20 minutes from 4 to 6:40 pm (details on the website). Cost is $5 per person, free for members. 4-7 pm.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Nov. 16: Extraordinary Give—Landis Valley will once again participate in the Lancaster County Community Foundation's one-day, online giving campaign. Visit their page anytime between 12:00 am and 11:59 pm to donate.
Nov. 17, 24: Fall Workshops Continue—check the website for course descriptions and registration info.
Nov. 24-25: Museum Store Shop Local Open House and Museum Store Sunday—shop for locally handmade art, crafts and heirloom-quality gifts and enjoy holiday decorations in the museum store. Museum Store events are free; regular rates apply for museum admission. Sat., 9 am-5 pm; Sun., noon-5 pm.

Old Economy Village
Nov. 17: Honey Bees with BABA—watch the website for updates on this program. 10 am-1 pm.

Pennsbury Manor
Nov. 18: Cooking Demonstration—join the cooks as they revel in the extravagant use of sugar and spices, using 17th-century confectionary recipes. Included in regular admission. 1-4 pm.

Pennsylvania Lumber Museum
Nov. 17: Holiday Craft Faire and Cooking Demo—locally made, hand-crafted, and/or holiday-themed items will be featured by a variety of vendors in the museum program room. Out in the Lumber Camp, they'll be firing up the cook stove around 1 pm for a demonstration of how logging camp cooks met the prodigious caloric needs of woodhicks and barkpeelers. You can visit the craft fair for free; museum admission applies to view the indoor and outdoor exhibits and the cooking demo. Museum open 9 am-5 pm.

Pennsylvania Military Museum
Nov. 17: Kids Day - Dress Up and Discover!!—Kids of all ages get to try on military gear from the museum education collection. Visit the education stations in the galleries for more discoveries throughout the day. Parents must remain on-site while their kids participate in the activities. Included in regular admission. 10:00 am-3:00 pm.

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Nov. 16: Extraordinary Give—the Railroad Museum is participating in the Lancaster County Community Foundation's one-day, online giving campaign. Visit their page (listed as "Friends of the Railroad Museum") anytime between 12:00 am and 11:59 pm to donate.
Nov. 23: Day After Thanksgiving—site open 9 am-5 pm.
Nov. 23: Last Day for Reservations—advance registration is required for the museum's Christmas with the Conductor parties, scheduled for Dec. 1 and 8 (see flyer for details).

State Museum of Pennsylvania
Please visit the Planetarium page for a full schedule of shows.
Nov. 16: Holiday Marketplace, Day 2—shop the Trails of History with representatives from The State Museum of PA, Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum, Ephrata Cloister, Somerset Historical Center, and Daniel Boone Homestead (details). Museum admission will be free for shoppers. Hours on Thursday are 10 am-3 pm. Friday opens at 10 am and runs until 7:30 pm for 3rd in the Burg.

Washington Crossing Historic Park
Please visit the Washington Crossing website for details on this month's schedule and programs.

Veterans Day 2018

Schedules for November 11, Veterans Day, are listed below. For info on other events, please see the November program page or last week's post, which listed Trails of History events for Nov. 2-15.

Through December 31, the Pennsylvania Heritage Foundation (PHF) and The State Museum of Pennsylvania are excited to offer a "Buy One Get One Free" membership offer. Renew, rejoin, or join, and you can gift a free membership of equal or lesser value to a friend, family member, or co-worker. Memberships included in this offer are Heritage, Individual, and Family (visit PHF website for details or to purchase online). All categories of membership include free regular admission to sites on the Pennsylvania Trails of History. (Please note, the gift membership must be for individuals or families who have never held a membership with PHF or The State Museum previously.)

Post updated 11/9/2018, 8:40 am and 1:00 pm.


1918 photo shows US Army general firing fireworks rocket to signal end of World War One
Handwritten on back of photo: "Yellow Smoke Chenille Rocket - official signal for ending war for 28th Division - 11 am 11/11/18. Gen. Hay touched off rocket. Sweeney, Hagerling [?] & Dawson [?] in background." (PA State Archives, MG-156 Edward Martin Papers (Box 1, Vol 1, Folder 1)

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the end of fighting in World War I. The armistice that went into effect at 11 am on Nov. 11, 1918, is celebrated as the end of the war, with Armistice Day becoming a national holiday in many countries in 1919. In the U.S., Armistice Day became Veterans Day in 1954, a day to honor all veterans of military service. Because of this year's centennial, many Veterans Day activities will be focused on the armistice and the World War I era (see below for Trails of History activities). The United States World War One Centennial Commission is encouraging individuals and organizations across the country to participate in the Bells of Peace initiative, tolling bells at 11 am local time on Sunday, Nov. 11. They've even developed a smartphone app that people can use to participate virtually (more info on the centennial commission website).

A couple of recent posts related to the Trails of History seem relevant here.

A recent article from the U.S. Army War College highlights Gen. Edward Sigerfoos of the 28th Division during World War I; a memorial to Sigerfoos can be found on the grounds of the Pennsylvania Military Museum. The Pennsylvania Military Museum has added some new items to its exhibit galleries temporarily:


And the Somerset Historical Center received a donation of a county resident's World War I Purple Heart:


Veterans Day, November 11

Brandywine Battlefield Park
Site open noon-4 pm.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
Site open noon-4 pm, with an Armistice Service at 2 pm (see Facebook event page for details).

Daniel Boone Homestead
Site open noon-4 pm; Paul Trainor will present "Soldiers in the French and Indian War" at 2 pm. Suggested donation of $2 per person for talk. Regular admission applies to visit the historic area.

Ephrata Cloister
Site open noon-5 pm. (Ephrata Cloister will be closed on Monday, Nov. 12.)

Erie Maritime Museum and U.S. Brig Niagara
UPDATE: The museum is closed, but some staff and volunteers will be participating in DCNR's Veterans Appreciation Day at the U.S. Coast Guard station on Presque Isle State Park. At 11 am, they will participate in the Bells of Peace initiative using a small bell from the USS Wolverine (see info here).

Graeme Park
Site open noon-4 pm.

Joseph Priestley House
Site open 1-4 pm.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Site open noon-5 pm.

Pennsylvania Military Museum
Museum open noon-5 pm. Admission is free for veterans and their families. At 2 pm, as part of the Friends' Lecture Series, Robert Franks will present "Welcome Home, Bro," based on his experiences as an Airborne Infantry Platoon Leader with the First Cavalry Division, serving in Vietnam in 1966 and 1967 (details on the website).

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Museum open noon-5 pm.

State Museum of Pennsylvania
At 11 am, the museum's Liberty Bell replica (outdoors on the North St. side) will be rung as part of the Bells of Peace initiative. At noon, the museum will open a new exhibit, Dressed for Service: Pennsylvanians in the Great War, featuring uniforms from World War I.

Trails of History Events, Nov. 2-15

British reenactors fire muskets at Hope Lodge encampment
The Whitemarsh Encampment at Hope Lodge is Nov. 3 (photo Hope Lodge/Al Pockek)

Daylight Saving Time ends at 2 am on Sunday, Nov. 4; be sure to turn clocks back an hour to adjust (show of hands (ha ha): does anyone have more than two clocks that still have to be reset by hand?)

Trails of History sites that plan to be open on Nov. 11 for Veterans Day are indicated below.

The full November program page is available if you want to plan ahead.


Anthracite Heritage Museum
Nov. 12: Photo Contest Deadline—"all things anthracite" are fair game for this photo contest. To complement an exhibit on photography in the anthracite region, the museum is inviting photographers to submit their photos of life in the area (info and rules on the website).

Brandywine Battlefield Park
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site open noon-4 pm.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
Nov. 4: Fall Lecture—John Moore will present "The Murder of Jack Armstrong" and explore the possible roles of Shikellamy and Conrad Weiser. Free admission; donations greatly appreciated. Site is open noon-4 pm; the lecture is at 2 pm.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site will be open noon-4 pm, with a remembrance service at 2 pm.

Cornwall Iron Furnace
Nov. 13: Friends Lecture Series—this is the last lecture for 2018. David Hargrove will present "John Singleton Mosby: The Gray Ghost," exploring the Civil War through the career of this well-known Confederate cavalry commander (more info on the website). Lectures are held in Freeman Hall Auditorium at the Cornwall Manor Retirement Community, across the road from the furnace site (map and directions). Lecture is free, donations are accepted. 7 pm.

Daniel Boone Homestead
Nov. 3: Boone Birthday Program—celebrate Daniel Boone's birthday and learn about his family. Birthday program starts at 1 pm, with cake and ice cream to follow. Included in regular admission.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site is open noon-4 pm, and Paul Trainor will present "Soldiers in the French and Indian War" at 2 pm. Suggested donation of $2 per person for talk. Regular admission applies to visit the historic area.

Ephrata Cloister
Nov. 8: Tickets for Christmas at the Cloister—as of today, the general public can purchase tickets ($6 per person) for this limited-seating event (scheduled for Dec. 10 and 11). Details are on the website.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site will be open noon-5 pm. Ephrata Cloister will be closed on Monday, Nov. 12.

Fort Pitt Museum
Please visit the Fort Pitt Museum website for information on schedules and programs.

Graeme Park
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site open noon-4 pm.

Hope Lodge
Nov. 3: Whitemarsh Encampment Reenactment—this long-standing event commemorates the Nov. 2-Dec. 11, 1777, encampment of Gen. George Washington and the Continental Army in the Whitemarsh Hills. Reenactors dressed in authentic American and British uniforms will march to the beat of fife and drum and demonstrate the military tactics used during Revolutionary War. Skirmishes on the grounds are scheduled for 11:30 am & 2:30 pm. After the skirmish, come visit a troop encampment where women in colonial dress cook over an open fire and children play colonial games. Other events occurring during the day include blacksmith and beer brewing demonstrations, a Lecture & book signing by Mary Stockwell, author of Unlikely General: "Mad" Anthony Wayne and the Battle for America, children’s activities including a Children's Muster Drill and scavenger hunt, experiments of Dr. Benjamin Franklin (presented by Michael Kochan), and Open Hearth Cooking Demonstrations. The Hope Lodge mansion will be open for tours. Sutlers, bake sale, and food will be available for purchase.Program details. Admission charged: $10 (age 18-59), $5 (age 6-17 & 65+), "family" rate is $25 (1 car with 2 adults and up to 4 children). Free for Friends of Hope Lodge members and children age 5 and under. 10 am-4 pm.

Joseph Priestley House
Nov. 4: Heritage Day—costumed interpreters will be stationed in the house as you tour, Dr. Priestley will demonstrate chemical principles, and there will be games for children. Admission is free. 1-4 pm (chemistry demos at 1:30 and 2:30).
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site open 1-4 pm.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Nov. 1: Hands-On History—step back in time to learn about life as a farm child. Details and registration info (including link for online ticket purchase). Cost is $11 per person; free for LVA members and children age 5 and younger. 9 am-3 pm.
Nov. 3, 10, 11: Fall Workshops Continue—check the website for course descriptions and registration info.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—site open noon-5 pm.

Old Economy Village
Nov. 10: Wine-Making with Mazzotta Winery—stay tuned to the website for updates on this program. 10 am-1 pm.
Nov. 10: World War I Lecture—local historian Scot Buffington will use original clothing and accoutrements to discuss soldier life during World War I (more info on website). This lecture is in conjunction with the current exhibit, “Do your Bit!”: World War I in Ambridge, which closes December 23rd. 3-4:30 pm.
Nov. 14: Behind-the-Scenes Tour—this is a chance to visit artifact storage areas not generally open to the public. Light refreshments and non-alcoholic beverages will follow (BYOB if you like). Cost is $20, $16 for members. Space is limited, and reservations are required (details on website). Tour starts promptly at 6 pm.
Nov. 15: Lecture—researcher and writer Jeffrey Snedden, author of the weekly Beaver County Times column "Histories and Mysteries," will be the speaker. Program is free and open to the public. 7-8:30 pm.

Pennsylvania Military Museum
Nov. 4: American Revolution Roundtable Lecture—Lt. Colonel Sean Sculley will present "West Point and the American Revolution: The Great Chain and Her Fortification." 2-3 pm.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—the museum is open noon-5 pm. Admission is free for veterans and their families.
Nov. 11: Friends’ Lecture Series—Robert Franks will present "Welcome Home, Bro," based on his experiences as an Airborne Infantry Platoon Leader with the First Cavalry Division, serving in Vietnam in 1966 and 1967 (details on the website). 2-3 pm.

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Nov. 3-4: Trains & Troops—this annual program salutes our armed forces and explores the role of the military in railroad history (and vice versa). A Swing Dance Saturday night (separate or combo ticket) lets you enjoy big band music, refreshments, and swing, swing, swing. Program details. Sat., 9 am-5 pm; Sun., noon-5 pm.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—the museum is open noon-5 pm.

State Museum of Pennsylvania
Please visit the Planetarium page for a full schedule of shows.
Nov. 2: StoryTime—this month's story is Every Autumn Comes the Bear by Jim Arnosky. The program will take place in Mammal Hall; meet near the black bear diorama. Included in regular admission. 10-11 am.
Nov. 8: Mapping Pennsylvania—explore various maps of Pennsylvania, including one so big you can walk on it (in your socks). This Nature Lab program is designed for visitors age 7 and up. Included in regular admission. 11:30 am.
Nov. 11: Veterans Day—museum open. At 11 am, the museum's Liberty Bell replica (outdoors on the North St. side) will be rung as part of the Bells of Peace initiative, marking the centennial of the World War I armistice. At noon, the museum will open a new exhibit, Dressed for Service: Pennsylvanians in the Great War, featuring uniforms from World War I.
Nov. 15: Racing Ramps!—this "Curiosity Kids" program will explore historic road surfaces and test which one makes for the fastest travel. Meet in the Transportation and Industry Gallery (details on the museum website). Included in regular admission, but space is limited so be sure to sign up when you purchase your tickets. 11:30 am.
Nov. 15-16: Holiday Marketplace—shop the Trails of History with representatives from The State Museum of PA, Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum, Ephrata Cloister, Somerset Historical Center, and Daniel Boone Homestead (details). Museum admission will be free for shoppers. Hours on Thursday are 10 am-3 pm. Friday opens at 10 am and runs until 7:30 pm for 3rd in the Burg.

Washington Crossing Historic Park
Please visit the Washington Crossing website for details on this month's schedule and programs.

Closing out October

Please see last week's post for info on Trails of History events today through next Thursday. If leaf peeping is on your agenda, take a peep at this week's foliage update from DCNR.

As is becoming my habit, this end-of-month (almost) post includes an assortment of items that have come across my screen but I haven't found a place for. I hope they'll be of interest. I've also included a few previews of the month ahead.

Red pre-1915 auto at Ephrata Cloister with meetinghouse in background
One of the horseless carriages that visited Ephrata Cloister this month (via Facebook)
Ephrata Cloister recently shared some images from a visit by members of the Horseless Carriage Club of America, who (with permission) drove their pre-1915 automobiles onto the site and took photos with the Saron and Saal in the background. I've included one of the photos above, and you can find more on Ephrata's Facebook page. Earlier this month the site shared a historic photo (below), ca. 1915-20, of visitors who might have arrived in similar vehicles. I love it when history comes together in my news feed.

Sisters House and Meetinghouse at Ephrata around 1915-20
This snapshot, recently added to the collection at Ephrata Cloister, shows visitors in front of the Sisters' House (Saron) and Meetinghouse (Saal) sometime between 1915 and 1920 (via Facebook)

A news article from Erie features a high school student who is preparing for a career as an underwater welder. To help develop her ability to work and sleep on the water, Emma Johnson completed a two-week live aboard stint on U.S. Brig Niagara, thanks to the Rebecca Cornish Memorial Scholarship, which is offered through Athena Erie and the Flagship Niagara League. Read more about it on GoErie.com.

Several sites have held their Halloween and harvest themed events (with others still to come this weekend), and there are great photos online. Check out Bonfire at the Iron Furnaces or Landis Valley's Harvest Days or the haunted lantern tours at the Pennsylvania Lumber Museum.



Coming Up

Nov. 5 is the deadline to nominate historic sites to the 2019 Pennsylvania at Risk list administered by Preservation Pennsylvania. To find our more, check out the Pennsylvania Historic Preservation blog post, "Change the Outcome."

The Anthracite Heritage Museum is hosting a photo contest to gather images of the anthracite region. Selections from the contest entries will be exhibited at the museum as an accompaniment to an exhibit about photographers from the region and those who came to the region to document it. Contest entries are due at the museum by Nov. 12. Find out all the details on the contest webpage.

On the Trails of History, Oct. 19-Nov. 1

There's still so much to do this month! Also, please note that some site schedules change seasonally, mostly affecting which days of the week the site is open. Please be sure to check ahead before visiting.

Scarecrow in 17th-century clothes at Pennsbury Manor
There are lots of Halloween-themed events coming up, including Tricks and Treats at Pennsbury Manor (via Facebook)

Anthracite Heritage Museum and Scranton Iron Furnaces
Oct. 20: Bonfire at the Iron Furnaces—this year Bonfire at The Iron Furnaces will be highlighting the Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos), an annual celebration to honor the spirits of the dead, observed in Mexico and other Latin American countries. Visit the Bonfire Facebook page for ticket info and program updates. 6-10 pm at the historic Scranton Iron Furnaces.

Brandywine Battlefield Park
Oct. 23: Revolutionary Dining Series—Robert A. Selig, PhD, will present "Of Skulls, Limbs, and Skeletons," exploring the topic of how the opposing armies dealt with casualties after the Battle of Brandywine. Cost is $48 in advance, $55 at the door (online tickets will be available soon are now available). 6 pm at The Gables at Chadds Ford.

Bushy Run Battlefield
Oct. 28: Last Day of the 2018 Season—starting Mon., Oct. 29, the visitor center is closed to the public until Spring 2019. Park grounds are open year-round, 8 am to dusk.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
Oct. 21: Living History Sunday and Fall Park Walk—enjoy the beautiful Olmsted-designed park, as well as guided historic tours of the site. Noon-4 pm.

Daniel Boone Homestead
Oct. 20: Presentation—Paul Trainor will present "Soldiers in the American Revolution," which includes a display of uniforms, weapons, and other military accounterments. 2 pm.
Oct. 27: Trick or Treat at the Homestead—there will be loads of activities for kids and their families at this event co-sponsored by Exeter Township (details on website). Cost is $5 per person. 10 am-8 pm.

Drake Well Museum and Park
Oct. 21: Last day in 2018 to see oilfield equipment—today is the last day of 2018 to see the museum's operating oilfield equipment in action. It's time to prepare the equipment to "hibernate" until April.
Oct. 27: Something More Saturday—the focus of this month's special activities is "Stories of the Oilfields." Included in regular admission. 10 am-3 pm.

Eckley Miners’ Village
Oct. 19-20, 26-27: Haunted Halloween Lantern Tours—tour groups walk through the 19th-century village and encounter ghosts, goblins, and ghoulish fun. Tours last about an hour and are filled on a first come, first served basis. Bring your own flashlight or purchase one at the museum store. Admission is $10 for adults, $5 for children. Please start at the visitor center: doors open at 6 pm, last tour starts at 9.

Erie Maritime Museum and U.S. Brig Niagara
Oct. 20: Little Mates Halloween Spooktacular—come for the costume party and trick-or-treating (and pizza lunch), stay for a spooky tour of Niagara. Cost is $10 per person, free for members of the Little Mates Kids Club. RSVP to Marcus: mmasternak@flagshipniagara.org or 814/452-2744 x 222. 11 am-1 pm.
Oct. 27: Watercolor Class and Last Day to View Exhibit—taught by watercolorist Daven Anderson, whose work is on display in the exhibit, "A Celebration of Our Work and Waterways," closing today. The workshop is open to the public and will run from 9 am to 4 pm in the West Wing Gallery. Cost is $110. Contact Linda Bolla, 814/452-2744 x219 or c-lbolla@pa.gov, by Oct. 20 to register.
Oct. 27: Boos on the Brig—a Halloween party for grown-ups (must be at least 21 to attend) and a fundraiser (see loads more info here). Cost is $40 per person, $30 for Flagship Niagara League members (online tickets here). 7-10 pm.

Fort Pitt Museum
Please visit the Fort Pitt Museum website for info on holiday schedules, events, and programs.

Graeme Park
Oct. 21: Living History Sunday—tour the Keith House and learn about the governor for whom it is named. At 2 pm, there will be a presentation, "Sir William Keith: Savvy Politician or Scoundrel?" Noon-3 pm.
SORRY - SOLD OUT Oct. 26: Haunted Lantern Tours—see the Keith House by lantern light (you may bring your own flashlight if you wish). For an additional fee, you can experience an hour-long sample of paranormal investigation. Reservations are required for either or both; tickets must be purchased online (a small processing fee will be added). 7-10:30 pm.

Hope Lodge
October 21 & 28: Site open—Hope Lodge will be open 1 pm to 4 pm, with guided tours at 1:00 and 2:30 pm. Admission charged.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Fall Workshops continue this month. Visit Landis Valley's workshops page for details and registration.
Oct. 25: Hands-On History Days—children of all ages get to experience seasonal chores, hands-on crafts, wagon rides, and more. Reservations are not required but you can purchase tickets online in advance if you like (program details). Admission: $11 per person (members and children age 5 and younger get in free). 9 am-3 pm.
Oct. 27: Haunted Landis Valley Tea and Tour—did you know that the Landis Brothers loved to pull Halloween pranks and tell ghost stories? Celebrate in their spirit at this fun event! Your day includes Pennsylvania German spooky stories, interactive activities, wagon rides, a hot cider reception in the Firehouse, and a tea luncheon in the Landis Valley House Hotel with scones, soup, sandwiches, and a dessert. Reservations are required: contact Jamie at c-jschurin@pa.gov or 717-581-0590 OR purchase tickets online (service fee applies). Doors open at 11 a.m.; festivities begin at 11:30 a.m.

Old Economy Village
Oct. 27: Multiple activities—choose between a cooking class and straw hat workshop. See calendar of events for info.
Oct. 28: A Halloween Haunting—children 10 and under are invited to come in costume and trick-or-treat among the historic buildings. Please check the website for details. Admission is $5 per person.

Pennsbury Manor
Oct. 21: Open Hearth Cooking—the cooks will (prepare a complete seasonal dinner for William and Hannah Penn). Included in regular admission. 1-4 pm.
Oct 28: Tricks and Treats at the Manor—enjoy an afternoon of festive family-friendly Halloween fun mixed with Pennsylvania history. Children can come dressed in their Halloween costumes for some trick-or-treating, games, and 17th-century demonstrations. We are partnering up again with the Teal Pumpkin Project to bring non-food games and trick-or-treating stations for those with food allergies. A living history theater presentation, "The Trial of Margaret Mattson," will be held during the event. It is 1684, Margaret Mattson has been accused by her neighbors of witchcraft. William Penn will preside over the trial. No admission charged for this event. 1-4 pm.

Pennsylvania Lumber Museum
Oct. 20: Haunted Lantern Tours—hear spooky (but not too spooky) tales in the logging camp as you tour by lantern light and trick-or-treat along the way. Costumes are welcome, and there will be some craft activities in the program room. Admission is $3 per person. 5-8 pm.
Oct. 27: Citizen Science Workshop—UPDATE 10/22/18 - event has been cancelled due to insufficient registration. Stay tuned for another Citizen Science Workshop in the spring, and be sure to pre-register. learn about citizen science opportunities happening around the county and how to get involved. Program offered in conjunction with the Potter County Conservation District. Guest speakers will talk about pollinators and honey production, invasive plants, and watershed association activities. Free lunch will be provided, so registration is required. Call 814-320-4017 to reserve your spot. 10 am-3 pm.

Somerset Historical Center
Oct. 20: Historical Halloween—trick-or-treating with a historical theme, following the site’s pathways by lantern light. Enjoy popcorn and fresh apple cider! Admission: $3 per child, plus an apple for the cider press. 5-8 pm.

State Museum of Pennsylvania
Check the Planetarium webpage for a full schedule of programs.
Oct. 19: 3rd in the Burg—exhibit opening for "Innovative Means: Photographs from the Collection," spanning 80 years of work by 26 photographers. The exhibit runs through Feb. 17, 2019. Admission is free. 5:30-7:30 pm.
Oct. 21: Great Pumpkin Day—family-friendly Halloween-themed activities and entertainment (details on the website). Everyone pays the "child" admission rate today, that's $5. Parking is free. Please note that the Planetarium and Curiosity Connection will be closed. 12:30-3 pm.
Oct. 25: Curiosity Kids—today's program takes place in Nature Lab and is focused on "Dinosaurs" (details). Included in regular admission, but space is limited, so please sign up at the front desk when you arrive. 11:30 pm.
Oct. 27: Workshops in Archaeology—for more information and registration form, visit the State Museum website.

Washington Crossing Historic Park
Please visit the Washington Crossing Historic Park calendar of events for details of this month's events and programs.

What's Up?

Planning ahead for events later this month? Check out the October program page. I've listed some of this weekend's events below, but there's plenty more between now and the end of the month. And if you're trying to gauge the best time and place for leaf peeping in PA, DCNR's fall foliage reports will help you work it out.

Governors at Pennsbury Manor
L to R: Pennsbury Society president Ron Schmid, Gov. Tom Ridge, Gov. Tom Corbett, Gov. Tom Wolf, Gov. Mark Schweiker, PHMC Chair Nancy Moses, Pennsbury Manor site administrator Doug Miller (via Facebook)
I'm a little late on the follow-up, but two weeks ago Pennsbury Manor hosted a luncheon and panel discussion in honor of the 300th anniversary of William Penn's death. The event was the culmination of Pennsbury's exploration of Penn's legacy during this anniversary year. Gov. Tom Wolf kicked off the luncheon with remarks on Penn's impact. Former governors Tom Corbett, Ed Rendell, Mark Schweiker, and Tom Ridge reflected on their terms in office and the responsibilities of following in Penn's footsteps (former Gov. Dick Thornburgh sent written remarks). It was, by all accounts, an impressive gathering and an excellent example of mixing history and contemporary issues (Bucks County Courier Times online article includes video).

The Pennsylvania Military Museum was recently featured in a post on the Getaway Mavens blog, which compiles "entertaining and eclectic" ideas for weekend trips in the northeastern US, with an emphasis on unique destinations. Their take on the greater State College area noted that the museum is small but "engaging and well-designed" and that walking the grounds is a great way to get some fresh air and "pay your respects to our lost soldiers."

Main mast of schooner Lettie G. Howard
On board the Lettie G. Howard, September 2018 (photo AKF)
The Lettie G. Howard, which spent this summer and early fall providing day sails out of the Erie Maritime Museum, recently went through the Welland Canal en route to a maintenance stop in Maine. The Flagship Niagara League posted video on their Facebook page showing a time lapse view of the Canal locks. The Lettie, which is in Erie under a collaborative program agreement with the South Street Seaport Museum in NYC, will then sail down the east coast of the US to Florida for the winter. Come spring the schooner will return to Erie for another summer of sailing. This arrangement has meant that visitors to the museum get to see a tall sailing ship even when U.S. Brig Niagara is away touring the Great Lakes. Visit the website for more info on the east coast trip and opportunities to participate.

On Wednesday, Oct. 17, the PHMC and the PA Dept. of General Services will host a meeting to update the public on plans for the new Pennsylvania State Archives building, currently in design. The new building will be located on a 3-acre lot bounded by Sixth, Seventh, Harris, and Hamilton Streets in Harrisburg. Staff from the two state agencies responsible for the project will provide a progress report, answer questions, and listen to community feedback. The event will begin at 5:30 pm and will be hosted by Camp Curtin YMCA, 2135 N. 6th St., Harrisburg.

This weekend...

Genevieve Pallas shows Shelby Vaccaro how to make a broom
LVM broom maker Genevieve Pallas shows Shelby Vaccaro from Lancaster Newspapers how it's done (via Facebook)

Hope Lodge
October 14: Site open—Hope Lodge will be open from 1 pm to 4 pm, with guided tours at 1:00 and 2:30 pm. Admission charged.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Oct. 13-14: Harvest Days—a classic special event and a great way to celebrate the heart of the fall season. Loads of demonstrations and activities for the whole family in a beautiful setting. Admission: adults, $12; seniors, $10; age 6-11, $8; free for members and children age 5 and younger. Free parking and food available for purchase. Skip the admissions lines by purchasing your tickets through Brown Paper Tickets (please note that the event is rain or shine and there are no refunds for online tickets). 11 am-5 pm.

Old Economy Village
Oct. 13: Multiple activities—there will be a Gardening Class, Beer Tasting, and a Sip and Paint evening. Times and fees vary; please click on individual activities for details.

Pennsbury Manor
Oct. 14: Living History Theater—William Penn’s steward and housekeeper, John Sotcher and Mary Lofty, will be united in marriage according to 17th-century Quaker wedding customs. Included in regular admission. 1-4 pm.

PA Trails of History Events, Oct. 5-18

Most sites on the PA Trails of History will be closed on Oct. 8 for Columbus Day. The Railroad Museum of PA will be open (see info below).

If you're planning ahead, the full October program page is also available.

Also, please note that some site schedules change seasonally, mostly affecting which days of the week the site is open. Be sure to check ahead before visiting. And speaking of seasonal changes (smooth, huh?), check out this week's update of the fall foliage map for Pennsylvania and plan your leaf peeping.

Apple dumpling from Ephrata Cloister
Yum. See info below to find out how to buy one (or more) of these and support the Ephrata Cloister.

Anthracite Heritage Museum and Scranton Iron Furnaces
Oct. 11: Celebrating Our Anthracite Heritage—this free program honors Anthracite Heritage Month. Jamie Longazel will present "Undocumented Fears: Immigration and the Politics of Divide and Conquer", and Stephanie Longo's topic will be "Italians in NEPA" (more info on the Facebook event page). 7-9 pm.

Bushy Run Battlefield
Oct. 17: History Speaks Series—“Celtic Ceol…A Musical Journey,” is an acoustical program of traditional 17th- and 18th-century Irish, Scottish, French, and English music. Brenda Walker, Tom Lighthall, Nancy Podey, and Larry Podey will play an assortment of intstruments, including Irish whistle, guitar, fiddle, hammered dulcimer, banjo, and bodhran. Some of the music will be interwoven with the ancient stories they represent to bring the past to life. Cost is $8 in advance, $10 at the door (members receive 10% discount). Contact secretary@bushyrunbattlefield.com or Bushy Run Battlefield at 724-527-5584 for tickets. 7 pm.

Conrad Weiser Homestead
UPDATE: Oct. 6-7: Site open—the Homestead will be open for visitors on Saturday from 9 am to 4 pm and on Sunday from noon to 4 pm. Guided tours will be available on Sunday.

Cornwall Iron Furnace
Oct. 9: Friends Lecture Series— Jim Polczynski will present "The Impact of Divorce in the James Coleman Family." Lectures take place in the auditorium of Freeman Community Center at Cornwall Manor Retirement Community. Program is free; donations are welcome. 7 pm.

Ephrata Cloister
Oct. 5-6: Apple Dumpling Sales—enjoy a delicious PA Dutch tradition and support the Back to the Cloister Fund (which has helped to return more than 100 original furnishings and objects to the site). Dumplings, from Aschenbach's Achenbach's Bakery [and thanks to an eagle-eyed colleague for the correction], are $4 each (this year, apple pies and pumpkin pies will also be available). There is no admission charge to buy apple dumplings (regular admission applies if you want to tour the site). Pre-orders for 5 or more dumplings will be accepted, and free local delivery can be arranged for advance orders of 20 or more; call 717/733-6600. Fri., 9:30 am-4 pm; Sat., 9:30 am until sold out.
Oct. 7: Day of Music—the Ephrata Cloister Chorus will perform in the Saal at 2, 3, and 4 pm. The program will include music composed at the historic community in the 1700s, along with works from other early American communities. The volunteer group is currently rehearsing a new transcription of a hymn written at Ephrata in the 1740s. While all ninety-two verses (!) of this important composition are not planned, there may be a sampling of a few portions. Included in regular admission. Site is open noon-5 pm (guided tours will be available).
Oct. 12: Community Days School Program—students and teachers move at their own pace among learning stations located throughout the site. Advance reservations are strongly encouraged; call 717/733-6600. Cost is $7 per student, with one adult admitted free for every 10 paying students (additional adults pay $9 each). 9:30 am-1 pm.

Fort Pitt Museum
Please visit the Fort Pitt Museum website for info on holiday schedules, events, and programs.

Graeme Park
Oct. 10: Lunch and Learn—Hugh Boyle, president and executive director of the Grand Army of the Republic Civil War Museum and Library, will present "Duel at Dawn - The Feud Between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr." Cost is $30 per person ($25 for members) and includes continental breakfast and lunch buffet. Reservations are required; registration form is on the website. 10:30 am-1:30 pm.
Oct. 18: Happy Hour with the Historian—this evening's topic is "The 'Body Snatchers' of the 18th Century," and the program will take place in the Graeme Park Cemetery (or indoors if the weather doesn't cooperate). Cost is $5 per person (free for members). Food and drink available for purchase starting at 6 pm, program begins at 7.

Hope Lodge
October 7 & 14: Site open—Hope Lodge will be open from 1 pm to 4 pm, with guided tours at 1:00 and 2:30 pm. Admission charged.

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum
Fall Workshops continue this month. Visit Landis Valley's workshops page for details and registration.
Oct. 13-14: Harvest Days—a classic special event and a great way to celebrate the heart of the fall season. Loads of demonstrations and activities for the whole family in a beautiful setting. Admission: adults, $12; seniors, $10; age 6-11, $8; free for members and children age 5 and younger. Free parking and food available for purchase. Skip the admissions lines by purchasing your tickets through Brown Paper Tickets. 11 am-5 pm.
Oct. 18: Hands-On History Days—children of all ages get to experience seasonal chores, hands-on crafts, wagon rides, and more. Reservations are not required but you can purchase tickets online in advance if you like (program details). Admission: $11 per person (members and children age 5 and younger get in free). 9 am-3 pm.

Old Economy Village
Oct. 6-7: Erntedankfest - A Harvest Festival—celebrate the fall harvest as artisans throughout the village cook, bake, and demonstrate their craft skills. Music, food, and family activities make this a great tradition. Included in regular admission. Sat., 10 am-5 pm; Sun., noon-5 pm.
Oct. 13: Multiple activities—there will be a Gardening Class, Beer Tasting, and a Sip and Paint evening. Please see calendar of events for details.

Pennsbury Manor
Sundays in October: Special programming—Oct. 7, Historic Trades (the blacksmith, joyners, and spinners will demonstrate their skills); Oct. 14, Living History Theater (William Penn’s steward and housekeeper, John Sotcher and Mary Lofty, will be united in marriage according to 17th-century Quaker wedding customs). Included in regular admission. 1-4 pm.

Pennsylvania Lumber Museum
Oct 6-7: Annual Fall Antique and Collectible Show—this event features dozens of vendors and supports the programs of the Lumber Museum. Other activities include sawmill operation (Saturday only), birch still and blacksmithing demos, and food for purchase in the community room. $5 admission ($3 for kids) includes the show and all museum exhibits and activities. 10 am-5 pm.

Pennsylvania Military Museum
Oct. 2: Central PA Civil War Roundtable Series—Chuck Teague will present "The Shadow of Napoleon on Lee at Gettysburg." Donation requested. 7-8 pm.
Oct. 7: Friends' Lecture Series—speaker is John Crider, presenting "The Cold War Up Close in the 1980s." Donation requested. 2-3 pm.

Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
Oct. 7: Garden Railways Tour—this event features outdoor model train layouts at private residences and retirement communities around Lancaster County. Tickets ($10 per person for ages 6 and up) may be purchased at the museum or at any Stauffer’s of Kissel Hill store in central Pennsylvania. The program flyer has more info; a list and map of participating locations will be provided with your ticket. 1-5 pm.
Oct. 8: Columbus Day—the museum is OPEN today. 9 am-5 pm.
Oct. 18: Wine and Paint Night—you bring the beverage (alcoholic or non), the museum supplies non-breakable glassware, light snacks, and the painting supplies. An instructor from the Zolē Art Factory in Strasburg will walk you through the steps to create a seasonal painting. More info, including an Eventbrite link for tickets, is on the museum website. Cost is $37 per person (plus a small ticketing fee); you must be at least 21 to attend. 6:30-8:30 pm.

State Museum of Pennsylvania
Check the Planetarium webpage for a full schedule of programs.
Oct. 1-5: Archaeology at Fort Hunterthis season's excavations by the State Museum archaeology team wrap up this week. You can drop by between 9:30 am and 4:30 pm to see what's up.
Oct. 5: StoryTime—this month's program, designed for kids age 3-5 with an adult, starts with reading A Little of Lady Who Wasn’t Afraid of Anything, written by Linda D. Williams and illustrated by Megan Lloyd. Then it's off to the Planetarium for an adaptation of Linda White's Too Many Pumpkins, also illustrated by Megan Lloyd. Included in general admission. 10-11 am.
Oct. 11: Nature Lab—"Creatures of the Night" explores bats, raccoons, and skunks as examples of nocturnal animals. Geared for general audiences, age 7 and older. Included in general admission. 11:30 am-12:30 pm.
Oct. 17: National Fossil Day—learn about "Giants of the Late Cretaceous" in the Paleontology Gallery. Included in general admission. 12:15 pm.

Washington Crossing Historic Park
Please visit the Washington Crossing Historic Park calendar of events for details of this month's events and programs.